NC at the Continental Congress

Research by Kyle Dreher and Aubree Payne

  1. This letter from the North Carolina delegates of the Continental Congress to North Carolina inhabitants is important for various reasons. On June 19, 1775, this letter was printed and distributed across North Carolina on behalf of the 2nd Continental Congress. The letter signed by William Hooper, Richard Caswell, and Joseph Hewes directly calls upon the inhabitants of the North Carolina Colony to raise a militia for the purpose of defense from the English Crown. Throughout this letter, the delegates directly deplore the actions taken by British Parliament (i.e. The Stamp Act, Coercive Acts, and positioning of British Regulars across the colonies). In addition to calling for the colony to raise a militia, this letter also shows an interesting relationship that the colonies began to create. No longer were they seeing themselves as independent colonies, but rather collective colonies fighting for their survival from British violence.

Screen Shot 2016-04-18 at 2.03.39 PMTo view full document, click here 

2. Letter from William Hooper to Wilmington on the Intolerable Acts:

Published on July 21st, 1774, this letter from William Hooper to the general public of Wilmington, NC speaks about the Intolerable Acts that Great Britain had initiated in Boston. Hooper deplored the British parliament for closing the Port of Boston, and stated that if remaining silent on the matter would be insidious. It also speaks about a ship being stocked with supplies that was to make its way to Salem, MA to help relieve the Massachusetts colony a bit. This letter also was used as a form of fiery rhetoric against the Crown, in order to insight others to deplore the actions of Britain.

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To view the document, click here.

3.  Letter from William Hooper to N.C. Speaker of the House:

In this letter from William Hooper to the N.C. Speaker of the House, he is tendering his resignation as a Congressional representative of N.C. to the Continental Congress. After starting in 1774 as a delegate and being present at the signing of the Declaration of Independence, Hooper felt that he could no longer perform the duties of a delegate efficiently anymore. He also states in this letter that he would prefer to have a public life outside of politics and would be more useful as a public citizen rather than a servant of the state of North Carolina.

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To view the entirety of Hooper’s letter, click Page 1 Page 2 Page 3.

4. Letter from John Adams to William Hooper and John Penn:

This letter titled “Thoughts On Government,” was specifically requested by William Hooper and John Penn of North Carolina. Dated in 1776, this letter from John Adams detailed what Adams considered to be the proper way to form and conduct a government. The reason for which Hooper and Penn contacted Adams about his thoughts on government was because the North Carolina Provincial Congress was working on their own government at the same time. Adams’ ideas also contended with those of Thomas Paine.

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To view the letter in its entirety, see Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6